Educators use this taxonomy to measure how well a student has met the objectives of the educational program. Each level is higher in terms of mastery. As college students, you should be striving to reach the highest level you can in each of your courses. For most undergraduate courses, Level 4 will be adequate but not outstanding. Outstanding undergraduate students will reach Level 5 and occasionally Level 6. — Professor Overton
Level 1: Knowledge observation and recall of information
list, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, who, when, where, etc.
Level 2: Comprehension understanding information
summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend
Level 3: Application use information
apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, discover
Level 4: Analysis seeing patterns
analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, infer
Level 5: Synthesis use old ideas to create new ones
combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite
Level 6: Evaluation compare and discriminate between ideas
assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, explain, discriminate, support, conclude, compare, summarize
* Adapted from: Bloom, B.S. (Ed.) (1956) Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals: Handbook I, cognitive domain. New York ; Toronto: Longmans, Green.